Koos Verhoeff was a Dutch artist and mathematician. It is clear that Verhoeff applied mathematics, the Pyhthagorus theory, to this piece. Although this is a tree, there are no curves in this piece, it’s completely geometrical. I feel the geometrical shapes work quite well as it suggests the effect we, as the public, have on nature.
Banksy is the stage name of an unknown graffiti artist and painter from England. He is most well known for his politically controversial graffiti pieces. The piece of artwork by Banksy is a silk screen print. It is clear that Pop Art was an influence of Bansky through his use of the silk screen process. The use of the ‘Grannies’ knitting jumpers with the slogans ‘Punks Not Dead’ and ‘Thug For Life’ isto convey a message about the younger generation, the younger generation being seen as hooligans and barbaric animals. The contrast between the ‘grannies’ and the younger generation, which the slogan jumpers represent, create humour which is very effective in this piece. I think this piece is quite successful as it speaks to younger generations as Banksy used modern methods of creating this piece (silk screen).
M. C. Escher was a Dutch graphic artist, he was well-known for his mathematical approach to art. This piece conveys an impossible situation which water appears to be travelling uphill. The calculated 90 degrees corners drawn allows this piece to appear three dimensional and gives the illusion that this situation could be possible. However, on closer examination you see that it cannot happen. This piece was influential as it allowed other artists to create pieces that were not physically possible. I feel that this piece was successful in engaging with the audience
Edgar Degas was a French artist, sculpture and printmaker. Degas is well-known for being one of the founders of the Impressionist art movement. This oil-on-canvas piece called ‘The Rehearsal’ by Degas is influenced by technology. Degas painted this around the same time that photography was invented. It is clear that Degas was inspired by this as he interprets parts of figures, the dancer on the right side, the feet walking down the staircase and the feet behind the staircase. The was revolutionary in painting as before it was conventional to centre any figure that is being painted and include fully their whole body. I feel Degas was successful in this piece as the use of half figures creates a sense of reality.
Mackintosh was highly influential at the start of the Modernist movement, he was the first architect of the Modernist movement to find influence in his Scottish heritage. Mackintosh had a vision, designing buildings from the inside out. His work was strictly black and white with materials like stained pine, dressed stone, sail cloth, even-printed brown paper for wall coverings, as well as the new material – concrete. Mackintosh’s chair designs were simplistic in shape. The repetition of the simple square shapes suggest that the chairs were designed more for mass production than for show. The simplistic designs were easier and cheaper to produce in large quantities.
Henry Van de Velde was a Belgian painter, architect and interior designer. He is considered one of the main founders of Art Nouveau in Belgium. Velde spent time in Germany and was important influence on German architecture and design at the beginning of the 20th Century. Velde abandoned painting in 1892, when he first attempted architecture. Valde used simplification and repitition, ideads which can be shown in Modernist art and architecture. Aswell as architecture, Velde designed a lot of furniture. The design of this chair is simplistic which would make it easier and cheaper to produce, these elements are carried through to Modernism.
Victor Horta was a Belgian architect,decorator and designer who was also influential in the beginning of the Modernist movement. He was inspired by nature and his style was swirling and linear, like the stems of plants. Horta had been gradually simplifying his style, however, the severity of the war meant that Art Nouveau was no longer affordable or fashionable. Therefore, Horta no longer used organic forms and instead based his designs on geometrical shapes. He continued to use rational floor plans and to apply the latest developments in building technology and building services engineering. The simplification and repitition of the windows are similar to patterns used duringthe Modernist movement. Although the building is very geometrical, the arch at the top of the windows suggests Horta’s influence from nature.