Mackintosh was highly influential at the start of the Modernist movement, he was the first architect of the Modernist movement to find influence in his Scottish heritage. Mackintosh had a vision, designing buildings from the inside out. His work was strictly black and white with materials like stained pine, dressed stone, sail cloth, even-printed brown paper for wall coverings, as well as the new material – concrete. Mackintosh’s chair designs were simplistic in shape. The repetition of the simple square shapes suggest that the chairs were designed more for mass production than for show. The simplistic designs were easier and cheaper to produce in large quantities.