Bill Viola is an american contemporary video art. Viola’s artistic expression depends upon sound, electronic and image technology in New Media, for this he is considered a leading figure in the Contemporary art movement. Viola’s biggest influences were human experiences such as the aspects of consciousness, birth and death. ’The Crossing’ is a piece of video art, projected onto a large screen, practically taking up the whole wall, in the middle of the room. On one side of the room, a man walks in extremely slow motion and eventually coming to a stop. The figure is gradually surrounded in flames until he disappears. One the other side the same figure walks and stops, water starts to drip on his head then builds up to a complete down pour, again he disappears. It is clear that nature is one of the main themes in this piece. The use of the natural elements in contrast with each other creates a lot of impact. This suggests that another theme might be power, the way that both water and fire can completely engulf him suggests a sense of power and superiority the natural elements have over the figure. I feel that Viola has been quite successful in this piece as he has been very clear at conveying the meaning behind it.
Sarah Lucas is a British artist, she was part of the Young British Artists generation although she focused more on Feminist Art. Lucas’ work consists of discarded objects, collages and photography. She frequently used obscene humour and visual puns in her work to successfully convey messages.In this photograph, Lucas is challenging sexual stereotypes. Although by the ’90s, sexism had essentially died, due to women being accepted as equals to men. This was shown through the rise of women is employment. Lucas’ set is similar to a stereotypical kitchen from the 1960′s, with the checkered print floor and old-fashioned chair. Lucas’ masculine position, boyish clothes and harsh facial expression are humorously contrasted with the fried eggs located on Lucas’ breasts. Personally, i feel Lucas has successfully challenged common sexual steriotypes with this piece of work. The quirky purpose of the fried eggs is humourous and therfore creates more of an impact
Martin Creed is a Scottish artist who is part of the conceptual movement. He created ‘Nails 1″, 1 1/2″, 2 1/2″, 3″, 4″, 6″ ‘ in 2007. This is seen as a contemporary piece of art as it can be perceived by the audience in many different ways. It is also impressionable to its surroundings as the shadow of the nails changes due to different lightings. It is also contemporary due to the fact that this piece questions pushes the limitations in terms of what is considered art.
The Sony Building was designed by architects Philip Johnson and John Burgee and was built in 1984. This is a great example of how people reacted against Modernism. The skyscraper design was quite modern however, it was contrasted with the classic ornamental shape design at the top of the building. This created controversy as it was opposite from most other building designs at the time and some saw it as a ‘step back’ for architecture.
Andy Warhol was an artist invovled in the Pop Art movement, a development of Modernism. Many of Warhol’s work is influenced by Modernism and it’s concepts. Warhol’s influence was everyday items that were not traditionally accepted as art. Many items Warhol took inspiration from were man-made, this reflects an influence from Modernism as many designs from Modernists were for mass production. ‘Marilyn Monroe Diptych’ was taken from newspaper clippings. At the time, Marilyn Monroe was at the peak of her career when she died in 1962. The repetition of the same image reflects how Monroe was always in the spotlight. The repetition also relates back to Modernism and mass production. The simplification of the three primary colours and the spillage of the colours (red lips, blue eyeshadow) on the left side of the canvas suggest how Monroe was exploited as a sex symbol by the media. The spillage of ink (second column) and the lack of ink (last column) on the right side of the canvas also suggests the exploitation of Monroe’s death.
Matisse is a French artists who was part of the modernist movement. Matisse was well known for his original and fluid style and use of colour. In 1901 Matisse painted ‘La Raie Verte’ with oil on canvas. This is considered a piece of modern art as Matisse uses abstraction to show his intentions with the painting. This allows the audience to observe the piece carefully to understand Matisse’s intentions. Matisse’s use of brush strokes is rough and noticable, his use of colour is also bright and vivid. Matisse ttechniques were simplistic, these qualities are why Matisse is considered a modernist.
PAul Guaguin is another French artist that was part of the post impressionist movement. His experimental use of colour involved him in the modernist movement. ‘Manao Tupapau’ was created by Gauguin in 1892 its an oil on canvas painting. The lack of tone and proportion makes this piece experimental. Gauguin’s use of colour makes it quite abstract, this classes the piece as modern. The use of abstraction means the onlookers need to carefully observe to understand the artists full intentions.